The glycemic index is a number associated with a particular type of food that indicates the food’s effect on a person’s blood sugar level. The number typically ranges between 50 and 100, where 100 represents the amount of pure glucose.
The GI represents the total rise in a person’s blood sugar level following consumption of the food. High glycemic index is associated with weight gain, obesity, diabetes and heart disease.
When choosing sweeteners, the glycemic index is one factor to consider. High glycemic index sweeteners lead to blood sugar spikes.
Xylitol has a low glycemic index. Choose xylitol to sweeten coffee, tea and baked goods.